Romans

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Romans 1 1 Paul, slave of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, set apart for the good news of God—2 which he had promised through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures—3 concerning his Son, who came from the seed of David in respect to the flesh, 4 and was powerfully declared to be the Son of God, in accordance with his Spirit of holiness, by his rising from the dead: Jesus Christ, our Lord, 5 through whom we obtained grace and apostleship to labour for the obedience of faith among all nations for the sake of his name, 6 among whom you also are invited by Jesus Christ.

7 To all the beloved of God in Rome, known as saints; grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 First of all I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, that your faith is being reported in all the world. 9 God, to whom I offer spiritual service in proclaiming the gospel of his Son, is my witness of how constantly I mention you 10 in my prayers, always requesting that sometime, somehow, I might be blessed in the will of God to come to you. 11 I am longing to see you, to share with you some spiritual gift of grace to build you up, 12 and be comforted together with you, through both your faith and mine.

13 I don’t want you to be unaware, brethren, that many times I wanted to come to you and gather some fruit among you too, as among other Gentiles, but have been prevented so far. 14 I am obligated to both Greek natives and foreigners; to both the wise and the morally careless. 15 So I am keen to bring the good news to you in Rome as well.

16 I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ because it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, and then to the Greek, 17 for the righteousness of God in it is revealed from faith to faith, as it is written, “the righteous will live by faith.”

18 The fury of God is being revealed from heaven against all the ungodliness and unrighteousness of those who suppress the truth unjustly, 19 because what may be known of God is evident among them, since God has revealed it to them: 20 from the creation of the world, his invisible attributes, that is his eternal power and divinity, are clearly seen in his workmanship, so they have no defence. 21 Those who knew God neither glorified him as God nor gave him thanks, but became futile in their thinking and their foolish hearts were blinded. 22 Claiming to be wise, they were made fools, 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for idols made to resemble mortal man, birds, animals and reptiles. 24 So God gave them up to the impurity of the lusts of their hearts, to dishonour their bodies with one another. 25 They changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever, amen.

26 Because of this, God gave them up to vile passions; even their women used their bodies in ways contrary to nature. 27 In the same way the men, abandoning natural sexual relations with the woman, burned with lust for each other; men practiced indecency with men, and received in themselves the appropriate penalty for their deviation. 28 And because they set no value on continuing to know God, he gave them over to a perverse mind, to do what was not decent; 29 being filled with all injustice, sinful sexual practices, iniquity, greed, malice, filled with envy, murder, conflict, deceit and depravity. They are whisperers and 30 slanderers, hating God and wronging others, contemptuous and boastful, contrivers of evil, defying their parents; 31 foolish, faithless, uncaring, implacable, merciless; 32 who, though aware of God’s judgment that those who commit such things qualify for death, not only practice them, but also delight in others who do.

Romans 2 1 So you have no excuse, you who judge: when you judge another you condemn yourself, for you practice the same things as those you judge, 2 and we know that God’s judgment against those who practice such things is in accordance with reality. 3 Do you really think, you who judge those who practise these things while doing the same, that you will escape God’s judgment? 4 Or do you despise the riches of his kindness, tolerance and patience, ignorant that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

5 By your stubbornness and unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath, when the righteousness of God’s judgments will be revealed, 6 and he will repay everybody according to their deeds. 7 Indeed, eternal life to those who seek glory, honour and incorruption through patiently continuing to do good, 8 but wrath and indignation to those who, from a factious spirit refuse to follow the truth but are drawn to unrighteousness. 9 Affliction and distress to every person who does evil, to the Jew first, then the Gentile too, 10 but glory, honour and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first, and then to the Gentile, 11 for there is no partiality with God.

12 Whoever sins outside the law will perish outside the law, and whoever sins under the law will be judged by the law 13 as it’s not those who hear the law who are justified before God: those who obey the law will be justified. 14 For whenever nations who don’t have the law naturally do those things demanded by Torah, they, though without Torah, are lawful in themselves, 15 showing that the essence of the law is written in their hearts, which testify together with their consciences, using reason to accuse or defend one another 16 on the day when God will judge everyone’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as stated in my gospel.

17 So, you who are called a Jew, banking on the law and boasting about God: 18 you know his will and approve what is excellent, being taught by the law, 19 and you are confident in yourself that you are a guide for the blind, and a light to those in darkness, 20 an instructor of the foolish and teacher of the young, having a grasp of the knowledge and truth in the law. 21 You teach others then but not yourself: you teach ‘do not steal’ but you steal, 22 you teach ‘do not commit adultery’ but you commit adultery, you detest idols but still you plunder their shrines. 23 You boast about the law but by breaking it you dishonour God. 24 As it is written, “God’s name is blasphemed among the nations due to you.”

25 Circumcision is of value if you keep the law, but if you break the law your circumcision becomes uncircumcision, 26 and if uncircumcised men fulfill the righteousness of the law, their uncircumcision will be counted as circumcision, 27 and the fulfilment of the law by the naturally uncircumcised shall judge you who, though circumcised, transgress Torah. 28 For being Jewish is not external, nor is real circumcision visible: 29 being Jewish is a hidden thing, and circumcision is of the heart, in the spirit not of the letter, so their praise is not from men but from God.

Romans 3 1 What then is the advantage for the Jew, or what is the benefit of circumcision? 2 Much in every way: primarily that they were entrusted with the actual words of God. 3 But what if some were faithless? Could their unbelief ever nullify the faithfulness of God? 4 Of course not: God is always true, even if every man is a liar. As it is written, “that you may always be found righteous in your word and prevail in court.”

5 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates God’s righteousness, can I say, as a man, “God is unjust in bringing his wrath on us”? 6 Of course not! How else could God judge the world? 7 or, “if the truth of God is amplified to his glory by my falsehood, why am I still judged for being a sinner?” 8 or even, as some wickedly accuse us by asserting that we say, “we should do evil that good may result!” Their condemnation is just.

9 Does that mean we are better? Absolutely not! We have already proved that Jews and Gentiles are both under sin, 10 as it is written, “there is no one righteous, not even one: 11 there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. 12 All have turned away, becoming worthless together; no one practices goodness, not even one.” 13 “Their throats are open graves, their tongues ensnare,” “their lips conceal asp venom.” 14 “Their mouths are filled with cursing and profanity,” 15 “their feet hurry to shed blood, 16 their ways lead to ruin and anguish, 17 and the way of peace they’ve not known.” 18 “There is no fear of God in their eyes.”

19 Now we know that no matter what the law says to those under the law, it says that every mouth will be stopped and the entire world subject to the judgment of God. 20 So no flesh will be justified in his sight by obeying the law, since the law’s purpose is that we may know our sin, 21 but now God’s justice has been revealed without recourse to the law, though attested to by both the law and the prophets.

22 This justice of God comes through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ, into and on all who believe—there is no distinction, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of God’s glory, 24 being freely justified by his grace through the liberation in Christ Jesus. 25 God intended him to be a conciliatory sacrifice received by faithfulness in his death, to show his justice in passing over the former sins 26 in his tolerance, to reveal his justice now, that he might be just and he who justifies the one partaking in the faithfulness of Jesus.

27   So where is boasting? It is prohibited. By what law—Torah? Of course not! By the law of faith. 28 We determine then that men are justified by their faithfulness, without recourse to actions demanded by the law, 29 or he would be God of the Jews only. Is he not God of the Gentiles too? Yes, of the Gentiles too 30 since there is but one God, who will justify the circumcision by faith and the uncircumcised by faith.

31   So do we annul the law by our faithfulness? Of course not! We begin to establish the law. Romans 4 1 Then what can we say that our father Abraham discovered regarding the flesh? 2 If Abraham had earned his justification by his actions he would have had something to boast of, but not in God’s view 3 for what does the scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”

4 The worker’s wage is not reckoned as a gift but a debt, 5 but to the one who does not rely on his own efforts, but believes in the one who justifies the guilty, his faith is counted as righteousness. 6 David too writes of the blessedness of him who, separate from his efforts, God credits with righteousness, saying, 7 “Blessed are they whose iniquities are pardoned; whose sins are forgiven. 8 Blessed is he whom the Lord will not charge with sin.” 9 So, is this blessedness only for the circumcision, or for the uncircumcised too?

We have said that Abraham’s faith was credited to him for righteousness. 10 In what state was it credited, before or after he was circumcised? It was before he was circumcised, not after! 11 He received the sign of circumcision as a seal on the righteousness of his faith, which he had before he was circumcised, so that he might be father of all who believe but have not been circumcised, so that righteousness could be imputed to them too. 12 He is also the father of those circumcised, who are not merely circumcised, but who also follow the footsteps of faith in which our father Abraham walked before he was circumcised.

13 The promise given to Abraham and his descendants, that he should inherit the earth, was not through the law but through the righteousness of faith, 14 for if they who obey the law are heirs, faith means nothing and the promise is worthless, 15 since the law produces wrath, and where there is no law there can be no violation. 16 Therefore it is by faith, so it can be an act of grace, thus confirming the promise to all the descendants, not to those who only have the law, but to all who have the faith of Abraham, the father of us all. 17 As it is written, “I have made you father of many nations.”

Facing the God he believed—he who gives life to the dead and calls things into being from nothing—18 beyond any normal expectation, he was confident that he would become the father of many nations, as he had been told, “this is how numerous your descendants will be.” 19 And not having a weak faith, he didn’t worry about his body being close to death, though he was about a hundred, nor the infertility of Sarah’s womb: 20 the promise of God was never doubted through unbelief, but his faith was strengthened by giving glory to God. 21 He was completely confident that what God has promised he is able to do, 22 so his faith was imputed to him as righteousness.

23 It is not written that it was imputed to him on account of him alone, 24 but on our account too, since it will also be imputed to we who believe on him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, 25 who was delivered up because of our sins and was raised up because of our justification, Romans 5 1 so that, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.

2 Through him too, we have admittance by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in anticipation of [sharing in] the glory of God. 3 Not only that, but we also celebrate our sufferings, knowing that suffering builds tenacity; 4 and tenacity, tested integrity; and integrity, hope; 5 and hope will not embarrass us because God’s love has been poured into our hearts by the Holy Spirit we are given.

6 When the time was right, while we were still helpless, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 Hardly anyone would die for a righteous man, though someone might possibly have the courage to die for a truly good man, 8 but God reveals the excellent quality of his love for us in that Christ died for our sake while we were still sinners. 9 Much more then, now we are justified by his blood, will we be saved from the wrath through him, 10 for if, being his enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, will we be saved by his life! 11 And not only that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

12 Therefore, since through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, even so death came to all as all have sinned. 13 So sin was in the world before the law, but it is not taken into account when there is no law. 14 Even so, from Adam to Moses death ruled those who did not sin in the way Adam did, he being a type of the imminent One. 15 But the gift of this grace is not like the offence, for if, due to the offence of the one, many died, much more have the grace of God, and the gift of grace—the one man Jesus Christ—flowed lavishly to the many.

16 The gift is not like when one man sinned. Indeed the judgment of one sin was condemnation, but the gift, following many offences, is justification. 17 For if, due to the sin of one man, death ruled through that one sin, much more will those who receive the lavish flow of grace and the gift of righteousness, reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore, as one offence led to condemnation for all people, one righteous act earned justification and led to true life for all.

19 Again, as through the disobedience of one man, humanity were made sinners, so by the obedience of one man, many will be made righteous. 20 Also, the law came in so that sin would increase, and where sin increased, grace exceeded it 21 so that, just as sin has reigned bringing death, so also grace should reign, through righteousness, bringing eternal life in Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6 1 What shall we say then? Should we continue in sin so that grace will increase? 2 Of course not! How can we, who died to sin, continue to live in it? 3 Or don’t you know that all we, who were baptised into Christ Jesus, were baptised into his death? 4 So then, we were buried with him by baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the Father’s glory, we also can live this new life. 5 For if we have been planted with him in the likeness of his death, we will be in the likeness of his resurrection too.

6 We know that our former self was crucified with him, so that our body of sin might be neutralised, no longer able to hold us in bondage to sin, 7 for anyone who has died has been set free from sin. 8 Now if we died in Christ, we believe we will also live in him, 9 knowing that Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again since death no longer has any power over him, 10 because, in the death that he died, he died to sin once for all, but the life that he lives, he lives to God. 11 In the same way, count yourselves truly dead to sin yet living to God, in Christ Jesus our Lord.

12 So then, never let sin rule in your mortal body by submitting to your bodily lusts, 13 nor surrender any aspects of yourself to sin as devices of wickedness; but surrender yourselves to God as alive from the dead, and all your parts to God as weapons of righteousness, 14 and sin will not have authority over you, since you are not subject to law, but under grace.

15 What then? Shall we sin since we are not subject to law but under grace? Of course not! 16 Don’t you see that to whatever you yield yourselves to obey as slaves, you are slaves to that which you obey—whether sin, leading to death, or righteousness? 17 But thanks be to God that, though once you were slaves of sin, you have wholeheartedly obeyed the form of teaching you were instructed in, 18 so you have gained freedom from sin by becoming slaves of righteousness.

19 I am talking about human nature because of the weakness of your flesh; for just as you used to offer your various parts as slaves to sin and wickedness leading to deeper wickedness, so now present them as slaves to righteousness leading to holiness. 20 For when you were slaves to sin, you had no obligation to righteousness, 21 but what was your reward for the conduct you are now so ashamed of? Death is the only outcome of all that! 22 But now, liberated from sin and enslaved to God, you are bearing the fruit of holiness, the outcome of which is eternal life, 23 since the wages for sin is death, but the gift of God’s grace is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord, Romans 7 1 or don’t you realise brethren, speaking to you who know the law, that the law has authority over a man only as long as he lives?

2 A married woman is bound to her husband by the law while he lives, but if he dies, she is released from her legal tie to him. 3 So then, while he still lives, she will be called an adulteress if she becomes another man’s, but if her husband dies, she will be free from the law and can marry another man without becoming an adulteress. 4 Just so brethren, you became dead to the law through the body of Christ, so you could become another’s—he who was raised from the dead—so that we could bear fruit to God. 5 For when we lived by the fallen nature, sinful passions aroused by the law operated in all aspects of our lives, bearing the fruit of death. 6 But now we have been released from the law, dying to that which bound us, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit, not in the old way of the written regulations.

7 So, are we saying that the law is sin? Of course not: I only knew sin through the law. I would not have been aware of my envying if the law had not said, “you shall not covet,” 8 yet sin, finding a footing in the commandment, stimulated in me all kinds of cravings, for without the law, sin is dead. 9 Once I was alive without the law, but when the commandment came, sin came alive and I died, 10 and I found that the life-giving commandment brought death, 11 as sin, finding grounds in the law, duped me, and used it to kill me. 12 So, the law truly is holy, and the commandment holy, righteous and good.

13 Then did the good law cause my death? Of course not! Sin produces death in me using the good, and so is revealed as sin, the law exposing its extreme sinfulness. 14 We know that the law is spiritual, but I am of the flesh, sold a slave to sin, 15 for I don’t know what I’m doing: I don’t do what I want to, I do what I hate. 16 And if I do what I don’t want to, then I’m agreeing that the law is good, 17 so I’m no longer the one doing it, it’s sin living in me. 18 I know that nothing good lives in my flesh, for despite being willing to do good, I cannot manage it. 19 I don’t do the good I want to, I keep doing the evil I don’t want to do.

20 Now if I’m doing what I don’t want to do, then it is no longer me doing it, but sin living in me. 21 So I find this law: that when I want to do the right thing, evil is here with me, 22 for I delight in the law of God in my inner man, 23 but I see another influence in my members in conflict with the law in my new nature, forcing me into bondage to the law of sin in my flesh. 24 A wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from the body of this death? 25 Jesus Christ our Lord, for whom I thank God!

So then, in my new nature I am truly slave to God’s law, but in my flesh to the law of sin. Romans 8 1 Consequently, there is now no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus who don’t walk in compliance with the flesh, but in submission to the Spirit, 2 as the law of the Spirit, regarding the life in Christ Jesus, released us from the law of sin and death, 3 which was impossible for the law because it was disabled by the flesh. God then sent his own Son in a body like our sinful flesh [as the sacrifice] for sin, thus condemning sin in the flesh, 4 so that the righteousness demanded by the law might be fulfilled in us, as we walk not in the flesh but by the Spirit.

5 Those who live by the flesh give their attention to fleshly matters; those in the Spirit to the concerns of the Spirit. 6 The mind of the flesh is death but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace, 7 because the mind of the flesh is hostile to God—it does not submit to God’s law, nor can it. 8 Therefore those in the flesh cannot please God. 9 However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. Those without the Spirit of Christ don’t belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, your body is truly dead because of sin but the Spirit is your life for the sake of righteousness, 11 and if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead lives in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will animate your dying body too, by his Spirit living in you.

12 Consequently brethren, we are under no obligation to the flesh, to live in a fleshly manner, 13 for if you live by the flesh you will die; but if, with the enabling of the Spirit, you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live 14 for all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 The spirit you received doesn’t put you back in bondage to fear, but is the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry, “Abba, Father,” 16 the Spirit himself confirming to our spirit that we are children of God. 17 And if children, then heirs too, truly heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ; and since we are suffering with him we will also be glorified together. 18 By my reckoning, our present sufferings do not nearly warrant the glory to be revealed in us.

19 The creation waits with eager anticipation for the sons of God to be revealed 20 (creation itself was subjected to futility, not voluntarily, but by the will of the one subjecting it), confident 21 that it will also be released from bondage to corruption, into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 We know that all creation groans and struggles together in pain until now, 23 and not only creation, but even we, who have the firstfruit of the Spirit, groan inwardly while we eagerly await our adoption—the emancipation of our bodies—24 for in confident anticipation we are saved. If what we anticipate can already be seen that’s not hope, for who continues to hope for what he can already see? 25 But if we confidently look forward to what we cannot yet see, we can wait for it with patient endurance.

26 Similarly, the Spirit supports us in our powerlessness; we don’t know how to pray as we must, but the Spirit himself petitions on our behalf with sighs beyond words. 27 The one who searches hearts knows the intention of the Spirit since his intercession for the saints is in line with God’s thought, 28 and we know that all things work together for good to those who love God and are called according to his purpose. 29 Those he foreknew he pre-appointed to be fashioned in the image of his Son, so he would be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Those he pre-appointed he also called; those he called, he justified; those he justified, he clothed with splendour.

31 What, then, shall we say about these things? 32 Since he didn’t spare his own Son, but gave him up for us all—how will he not also, along with him, graciously grant us all things? 33 Who can accuse those whom God has chosen? God declares them righteous. 34 Who can condemn? Christ, who died, or rather who also was raised, is at the right hand of God, interceding on our behalf. 35 What can separate us from the love of Christ: trouble or disaster, persecution or hunger, nakedness, danger or violence? 36 As it is written, “we are being killed for your sake throughout the day, we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.” 37 Yet in all these things we more than conquer, through him who loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor principalities, neither powers nor things present, nor things to come, 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Romans 9 1 I am speaking truthfully in Christ, (my conscience assures me in the Holy Spirit that I’m not lying) 2 that I have great sorrow and continual pain in my heart: 3 for I wished that I might be cursed and separated from Christ for the sake of my countrymen in the flesh, 4 the people of Israel. Theirs are the adoption and the glory, the covenants and the law, the worship and the promises; 5 the patriarchs are theirs, and from them, according to the flesh, came the Christ, who is over all, forever blessed by God. Amen.

6 The word of God cannot have failed, for not all who are descended from Israel are Israel, 7 nor are they all Abraham’s true seed because they are his descendants, but “your seed shall be through Isaac.” 8 So, it’s not the natural descendants who are children of God, it’s the children of the promise he counts as seed. 9 For this is the word of promise, “at this time I will return, and Sarah will bear a son.” 10 And not only then, but also when Rebekah conceived, by Isaac our father, 11 though neither had yet been born nor done anything good or evil (so that God’s purpose in election would stand, not of deeds but of the one calling), 12 she was told, “the older will serve the younger.” 13 As it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”

14 What then? We cannot say that God is unjust, of course, 15 since he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.” 16 So it does not depend on the one who wills, nor the one who runs, but on God showing mercy. 17 As scripture says to Pharaoh, “this is the reason I raised you up, so that I could display my power in you and that my name might be revealed throughout all the earth.” 18 Therefore he is merciful to those he chooses, and hardens those he wants to.

19 You will protest, “so why does he still condemn, for who can resist his will?” 20 But who are you, O man, to talk back to God? That which is made cannot protest to his maker, “why have you made me like this?” 21 Does the potter not have the right to make from the same lump of clay both grand vessels and merely practical ones? 22 But what if God, in order to show his wrath and make known his power, patiently endured those objects of wrath who were prepared for destruction, 23 that he should make known the riches of his glory towards the objects of his mercy whom he already prepared for glory, 24 to us, whom he has called, not only from the Jews, but from the Gentiles too? 25 As he says in Hosea, “those who are ‘not my people’ I will call my people, and she who is ‘not loved’ beloved.” 26 In the place where they were told, ‘You are not my people’ they will be called sons of the living God.

27 Yet Isaiah cries out about Israel, “though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, just the remnant will be saved. 28 The Lord will complete his work, bringing it to a quick end in righteousness, for he will shorten his work on the earth.” 29 And, as Isaiah foretold, “if the Lord of Hosts had not left us a seed, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah.”

30 So what can we say? That the Gentiles, though not pursuing righteousness, have attained it—the righteousness which is of faith; 31 and Israel, though pursuing righteousness by the law, could not reach the law’s righteousness. 32 Why not? Because, since they pursued it not by faith but by doing the law, they stumbled over the stumbling stone. 33 As it is written, “see, in Zion I have laid a stumbling stone, a rock that will offend, but whoever believes in him will not be ashamed.”

Romans 10 1 Brethren, the desire of my heart and my prayer to God for Israel is for their salvation, 2 for I testify about them that they have fervour for God, but without understanding. 3 Being ignorant of God’s [provision of] righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God, 4 for Christ is the termination of the law, providing righteousness to all who believe.

5 Moses wrote of the law’s righteousness that “the man who accomplishes these things will thereby live.” 6 But the righteousness of faith says, “don’t say in your heart, ‘who will go up to heaven?’ (that is, to bring Christ down) 7 or ‘who will go down to the abyss?’ (that is, to bring Christ up from [among] the dead). 8 But what does it say? “The word is near you; in your mouth and in your heart.” This is the word of faith we preach: 9 that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, believing with your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 So with the heart we believe and are made righteous, and with the mouth we confess and are saved. 11 The Scripture says, everyone who believes on him will not be shamed, 12 for there is no distinction between Jew and Greek—the same Lord is Lord of all, giving generously to all who petition him, 13 since all who ever call upon the name of the Lord will be saved.

14 Then how shall they call on the one they don’t believe in? And how shall they believe in the one they’ve not heard of? And how will they hear without a preacher? 15 And how can he preach if not sent? As it is written, how beautiful are the feet of those who bring the gospel of peace and grace. 16 But not all have obeyed the good news, as Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our message?” 17 Consequently, faith comes from getting the message, which comes through words spoken by God. 18 But I ask, did they not hear? Of course: their voice has gone out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the inhabitable world.

19 But did Israel not know? Firstly, Moses says, “I will provoke you to jealousy by the stateless; by a foolish nation I will anger you.” 20 Then, Isaiah very boldly says, “I was found by those who weren’t looking for me, I was revealed to those who weren’t asking for me.” 21 But to Israel he says, “All day I have stretched out my hands to a disbelieving and defiant people.”

Romans 11 1 I am not saying that God has rejected his people—of course not, since I am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham and the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew, or don’t you know what the Scripture records when Elijah prayed to God against Israel? He said, 3 “Lord, they have killed your prophets and destroyed your altars; only I am left, and they are seeking my life.” 4 But what was the divine response to him? “I have reserved for myself seven thousand who do not bow the knee to Baal.” 5 Likewise, at the present time, there is a remnant chosen by grace, 6 but if it is by grace, it can no longer be by works, otherwise grace would cease to be grace.

7 What then? What Israel sought he has not found; the elect have found it, but the rest were thick-skinned. 8 As it is written, God gave them a dulled spiritual sense, eyes they don’t see with and ears they don’t hear with, to this day. 9 And David says, “let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling stone and a retribution for them; 10 let their eyes be darkened so they will not see, and their backs ever bent.”

11 I ask then, were they lost through stumbling? Of course not; but to make them jealous their lapse brought salvation to the Gentiles. 12 So if their fall is riches to the world, and their loss gain for the Gentiles, how much better will it be when they are fulfilled? 13 For though I am speaking to you Gentiles, I make much of my calling as apostle to the Gentiles, 14 that somehow I might provoke those of my own flesh to jealousy and thereby save some of them. 15 For if their rejection was reconciliation for the world, what will their reception be but life from the dead? 16 For if the first portion of the dough offered is holy, so will the whole batch be; if the root is holy, so will the branches be.

17 Yet if some of the boughs are broken off and you, a wild olive limb, are grafted in their place, sharing the root and sap of the olive you have become, 18 don’t think yourself better than the lost branches, but if you do, consider this: you do not sustain the root, the root sustains you. 19 Then you will say, “the boughs were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20 True. They are broken off by unbelief and you stand by faith. So don’t be conceited but fear, 21 that if God didn’t spare the natural branches, he won’t spare you either.

22 Note then God’s kindness and his severity: severity on those who fell, but kindness on you, as long as you remain in his kindness, or you also will be cut off. 23 And they too, if they don’t remain in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if, contrary to nature, you were cut from a wild olive tree and grafted into the cultivated olive tree, how much easier for these, the natural branches, to be grafted into their own olive tree?

25 I don’t want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brethren, so you won’t be conceited—that Israel has become partially hardened until the total number of Gentiles come in, 26 and so all Israel will be saved. As it is written, “the deliverer will come from Zion, and he will turn away Jacob’s defiance, 27 and this is my covenant with them, when I remove their sins.” 28 Concerning the gospel they are enemies on your account; but concerning election, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, 29 for God’s gifts and callings are not subject to change of heart.

30 Since you were once in disbelief of God, you have now been shown mercy, while they are in unbelief. 31 Thus, though you have mercy, they are now in unbelief, so that they may be shown mercy too, 32 for God has shut us all up to unbelief so he could be merciful to everyone. 33 Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How inscrutable his judgments, how untraceable his ways! 34 For who has understood the thoughts of the Lord, or who has become his advisor? 35 or who has given to him that it should be repaid, 36 seeing that all things are out of him, through him and for him?

Romans 12 1 Brethren, I implore you by the mercies of God: present your bodies a sanctified living sacrifice, which is your rational service and precious to God. 2 Don’t be fashioned to this age, but be ever transformed by the renewing of your mind, to verify what is the good, precious and perfect will of God. 3 By the grace given to me I say to each one of you, don’t entertain thoughts loftier than necessary, but aim to be wise, through the faith measured to each by God. 4 Even as we each have a body with many members, which do not all have the same function, 5 all of us in Christ are one body, members of one another.

6 Let us excel in our gifts in proportion to our faith, according to the grace being given to us: if prophecy, in prophesying; 7 or if ministry, in serving; or if teaching, in instruction. 8 Where we are gifted in imploring, let us excel in persuasion; if sharing, in generosity; if presiding, with diligence; if caring, with cheerfulness; 9 our love entirely genuine, loathing evil and clinging to the good. 10 Be tenderly affectionate to one another in brotherly love, putting one another first from respect.

11 Don’t be reluctant in zeal, but fervent in spirit, labouring for the Lord, 12 rejoicing in hope, patient in suffering, and persistent in prayer. 13 Contribute to the needs of the saints, pursuing the grace of hospitality. 14 Bless those who persecute you, bless and do not curse. 15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep. 16 Be like minded towards each other, not revering high opinions but humble ways. Don’t be full of your own vanities. 17 Give no one back evil for evil; instead, give what is good in the view of all.

18 If it’s possible to you, live at peace with everybody. 19 Never retaliate, beloved, but yield before rage, as it has been written, “vengeance is mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 If ever then, your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; in doing this, you will pile burning embers on his head. 21 Don’t be beaten by evil, but defeat the evil with good.

Romans 13 1 Everyone is to be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority but from God; those who govern have been put there by God. 2 So the one opposing the authority has resisted the edict of God; and those who resist will bring judgment upon themselves. 3 For rulers are not to be feared if your deeds are good, only if they are evil. Do you wish to be unafraid of authority? Do good and you will be approved. 4 He is the servant of God for your good, but if you do evil, be afraid: he doesn’t bear the sword for nothing. As the servant of God he is the executor of his wrath on the one who does evil. 5 So it is essential to be subject, not merely because of wrath, but also because of conscience. 6 For this reason pay taxes too, for they are God’s ministers, continuously expending their efforts on governing.

7 Give everyone their dues: pay tax when tax is due, pay revenue where revenue is due, give respect to whoever you owe respect, give honour where you owe honour. 8 Owe no one anything, except to love one another; he that loves others fulfills the law, 9 for that which says, “do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not bear false testimony, do not covet,” and if there is any other command, it is covered by this, “love your neighbour as yourself.” 10 Love avoids harming its neighbour, so love is the essence of the law.

11 Also, note the season: now is the time for us to be woken, for our salvation is nearer than when we believed. 12 The night progresses and the day approaches; so we must lay down the works of darkness and take up the weapons of the light. 13 Let us live decently, as in the day; not in revelling and intoxication, nor promiscuity and debauchery, nor quarrelling and rivalry, 14 rather, put on the Lord Jesus, the Christ, and make no provision for the lusts of the flesh.

Romans 14 1 Accept the one whose faith is weak, without judging or discriminating, 2 for one person believes he may eat anything, while one whose faith is weak eats only vegetables. 3 To the one who eats anything: don’t despise the one who doesn’t eat; and to the one who abstains: don’t judge the one who eats, since God has received him. 4 Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or falls, and he will be enabled to stand as God is able to make him stand.

5 One person chooses one day above another; another reveres every day. Let each be confident in his own position. 6 The one who observes the single day, honours it to the Lord; while the one who doesn’t, does so to honour the Lord. The one who eats, eats to the Lord and gives thanks to God; while the one who abstains, does so to honour the Lord and gives God thanks. 7 For none of us lives for himself, and none of us dies for himself. 8 If we are living, we are living for the Lord; if we are dying, we are dying for the Lord. Whether we live or die then, we are the Lord’s. 9 This is why Christ died and rose and lives again, to be Lord of both the living and the dead.

10 So why do you judge your brother, and why do you scorn your brother, since we will all be presented before the judgment seat of Christ? 11 It is written, “I live, says the Lord, and every knee will bow to me, and every tongue confess to God.” 12 So each of us will give an account of himself to God. 13 Therefore we must not continue to judge one another, instead determine to place no stumbling block or trap for your brother.

14 I can see and I’m satisfied in Lord Jesus that no food of itself is unclean (but if someone believes anything to be unclean, for him it is unclean), 15 but if your brother is harmed by food you eat, you are no longer acting in love. Don’t destroy with your eating one for whom Christ died. 16 Don’t let your innocence in this be maligned, 17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 18 Whoever serves Christ in this way is pleasing to God and approved by men. 19 So then, we should be pursuing peace and building each other up. 20 Don’t wreck the work of God for the sake of food. All food really is clean, but a person is wrong if what he eats leads another to stumble. 21 It’s better not to consume meat or wine or anything else which will stumble or snare your brother or weaken his faith. 22 You have faith, but keep it to yourself before God. Blessed is the one who doesn’t feel guilty about what he approves. 23 But the one who eats despite his doubts, is condemned because he doesn’t eat in faith, and action that is not from faith is sin.

Romans 15 1 We who are strong ought to shoulder the scruples of those weaker and not please ourselves. 2 Let each of us please his neighbour for his good, to build him up. 3 For Christ also did not please himself but, as it is written, “the slurs of those who condemned you fell on me.” 4 All that’s been written was written for our instruction, so that through patient determination and the reassurance of the scriptures we might have hope. 5 May the God of that determination and reassurance grant you the same attitude towards each other as Christ Jesus had, 6 that in full accord and with one voice you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

7 So receive each other warmly to glorify God, just as Christ received us. 8 For I say, Jesus Christ became a servant to the circumcised for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers, 9 and so that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy, as it is written, “because of this I will confess you among the nations and sing to your name.” 10 Again, he says, “rejoice with his people, you nations,” 11 and again: “praise him, all you nations; honour him, all you peoples.” 12 And Isaiah says, “the Root of Jesse will appear, the one who will rise to rule the nations; on him the Gentiles will put their hope.”

13 May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may be rich in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit. 14 I am convinced, regarding you my brethren, that in yourselves you are brimming with goodness, having been filled with all knowledge, and are capable of warning one another. 15 Even so, brethren, I write partly to remind you again, emphasising some points, because of the grace being given to me by God, 16 that I should be a minister of Jesus Christ to the nations, sharing the gospel of God as a sacrificial service, so that the Gentiles’ offering might be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit. 17 So I glory in Christ Jesus in the things of God.

18 For I dare not speak of anything but that which Christ has done through me to promote Gentile obedience: in word, deed, 19 mighty signs and miracles, all through the power of God’s Spirit. In this way I have fully proclaimed the gospel from Jerusalem right round to Illyricum. 20 Thus I made it my aim to take the gospel where Christ was unknown, in case I should build on another’s foundation, 21 so that, as it is written, “those who had no news of him will perceive, and those who have not heard will comprehend.”

22 Which is what has so often kept me from coming to you, 23 but now there are no more such centres in these regions, and having longed for many years to visit you, 24 when I go to Spain I will come to you. I hope to meet with you as I pass through, and for you to send me on my way, once I’ve been refreshed by your company. 25 But now I am going to Jerusalem to take supplies to the saints, 26 as Macedonia and Achaia were keen to make a contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.

27 They were delighted to help, and really they are indebted to them; for if the Gentiles have shared in their spiritual blessings, it is also their duty to serve them in practical blessings. 28 Once I have done this, and formally ratified this fruit [of faith], I will visit you on my way to Spain. 29 I am sure that when I come to you, I will come full of the blessings of the gospel of Christ. 30 I implore you brethren, through our Lord Jesus Christ and in the love of the Spirit, to labour with me in your prayers to God on my behalf: 31 that I may be rescued from the Judeans who refuse to believe, and that the relief I take to Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints, 32 that I may come to you in joy by the will of God, and that I may be refreshed with you. 33 May the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

Romans 16 1 I am commending to you Phoebe our sister, a servant of the Cenchrea assembly. 2 that you may receive her in the Lord as befitting saints, and assist her in whatever she may need of you, for she has been benefactor to many, including myself. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila, who labour with me in Christ Jesus, 4 and have risked their necks for me; to whom I give thanks, as do all the assemblies of the Gentiles. 5 Also greet the assembly which meets in their home. Greet my friend Epænetus, the first convert to Christ from Achaia. 6 Greet Mariam, who worked so hard for us. 7 Greet my countrymen Andronicus and Junias who shared a cell with me. They are notable among the apostles and were in Christ before I was. 8 Greet Ampliatus, my good friend in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, approved in Christ. Greet those of the household of Aristobulus. 11 Greet Herodion my countryman. Greet those in Narcissus’ household who are in the Lord. 12 Greet Tryphæna and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord. Greet my dear friend Persis, who works so hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the brethren with them. 15 Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the assemblies of Christ send greetings.

17 I implore you, brethren, to take note of those who cause divisions and who set snares alongside the teaching you learned, and avoid them. 18 They are not serving our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own interests, and, by their plausible words and fair speech, deceiving the hearts of the innocent. 19 Your obedience is spreading to everyone, so I rejoice over you. I want you to be truly skilled in all that’s good, but innocent concerning evil, 20 and the God of peace will soon crush Satan beneath your feet, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ being with you. Amen.

21 Timothy, my fellow worker, and Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my countrymen, greet you. 22 I, Tertius, the one writing this letter, greet you in the Lord. 23 Gaius, host to me and the entire assembly, greets you, as do Erastus, the city treasurer, and Quartus, his brother. 24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

25 Now to him who is able to establish you in conformity with the gospel—the proclamation of Jesus Christ in full accord with the revealing of the truth, which was kept hidden by silence for past ages, 26 but now is made known, being seen in the prophetic scriptures, and, by the command of the eternal God, revealed to all nations for the obedience of faith—27 to God, alone wise, be glory forever through Jesus Christ. Amen.

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