2 Corinthians

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2 Corinthians 1 1 Paul, apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and brother Timothy, to God’s assembly in Corinth, together with all the saints in all Achaia: 2 grace and peace to you from our Father God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercy and God of all encouragement; 4 who strengthens us in all our tribulation, so we can encourage those in any affliction, with the encouragement by which we are strengthened by God, 5 for just as the sufferings of Christ overflow into us, our strengthening also overflows through Christ. 6 And whether we are afflicted or encouraged it is for your sake: powerfully working encouragement and deliverance in your endurance of the same sufferings which we are suffering.

7 And so our confident anticipation of encouragement and deliverance for you is confirmed, knowing that even as you share in the sufferings, you also share in the encouragement. 8 For we don’t want you to be ignorant brethren, about the sufferings which came our way in Asia: we were burdened beyond measure—far above our strength, so that we even despaired of life. 9 We pronounced on ourselves the sentence of death, though we can have no confidence in ourselves, but in God who raises the dead, 10 who rescued us from a grievous death and rescues still; and we put our trust in him that he will also continue to rescue.

11 You are joined together in helping us too, through the individual prayers of many, so many may give him thanks on our behalf for the gracious gift. 12 Our rejoicing is in the testimony of our conscience: that we have conducted ourselves in the world and especially toward you, in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom but by God’s grace. 13 For we write nothing to you but what you know correctly, and thoroughly understand, and I trust that you will continue to know to the end, 14 just as you have also known us to some degree, that we are your glory, even as you will be ours in the day of the Lord Jesus.

15 Confident of this, I was planning to come to you first that you might have a second portion of grace: 16 to call in as I pass through on my way to Macedonia, and on my way back from Macedonia to come to you again, and so you could send me on my way to Judea. 17 Did I plan this on impulse? Or do I plan in the flesh saying both “yes, yes” and “no, no?” 18 But God is faithful so our word to you did not become both “yes and no,” 19 for the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was proclaimed among you by us—me, Silvanus and Timothy—was not “yes and no” but has become “yes” in him. 20 For all the promises of God in him are “yes” and in him “amen” on our account, to the glory of God.

21 Now he who firmly establishes us in Christ, together with you, and anoints us, is God; 22 who also sealed us by giving the pledge of the Spirit in our hearts. 23 And I call God as witness of my life, that to spare you I’ve delayed coming to Corinth, 24 as we have no dominion over you in the faith, but we work with you for your joy, for you stand by faith. 2 Corinthians 2 1 So I made up my mind that I would not visit you again in sadness, 2 for if I distress you, who will cheer me but those I distress? 3 So I’ve written this to you, rather than coming, that I might not be saddened by those in whom I should be rejoicing.

I have confidence in you all, since my joy is all of you, 4 for out of much suffering and heartache I have written to you, through many tears—not to distress you, but that you might know the immensity of my love for you, 5 and if anyone has caused grief, he’s not distressed me much—for I would not want to burden you all— 6 the punishment of the majority is enough for such a man, 7 so, to the contrary, you should forgive and comfort him, or he may be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow, 8 so I implore you to affirm your love for him. 9 For this I also wrote to test you: to know if you are obedient in everything. 10 Now whoever you forgive for anything, I do too; and where I have forgiven anyone, I have forgiven them for your sake, in the presence of Christ, 11 so that Satan may not take advantage of us, for we are not ignorant of his strategies.

12 When I reached Troas to preach the gospel of Christ, though a door had been opened there for me by the Lord, 13 I had no rest in my spirit, as I didn’t find my brother Titus, so, taking leave of them, I went on to Macedonia. 14 But thanks be to God, who always gives us the victory in Christ, and reveals through us everywhere, the aroma of the knowledge of him; 15 for we are the aroma of Christ, the son of God, among those who are being saved and those who are perishing: 16 to the one indeed the stench of death unto death; to the other the fragrance of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things? 17 For we are not like the majority, peddlers of the word of God, but from sincerity we speak in Christ in the sight of God, as from God.

2 Corinthians 3 1 Are we reverting to endorsing ourselves, or do we need, as some do, letters of commendation to you or from you? 2 You are our letter, written on our hearts, known and read by all, 3 revealing that you are Christ’s letter through our ministry: not written with ink but with the Spirit of the living God; not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts. 4 And such confidence in God we have through Christ. 5 Not that of ourselves we are competent, counting anything as from ourselves: our competence is from God, 6 who also makes us capable servants of the new covenant, not by the writings but by the Spirit, for the writings bring death, but the Spirit gives life.

7 But if the dispensation of death in the writings, though engraved on stones, came with such glory that the sons of Israel could not look directly at the face of Moses because of its glory, even though it was fading, 8 won’t the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? 9 For if the dispensation of condemnation was glorious, the dispensation of righteousness far exceeds it in glory, 10 and even that which was glorious has no glory now, by reason of the transcending glory. 11 For if that which is abolished was glorious, that which will always remain has much greater glory.

12 So, as we have such confidence, we are quite fearless, 13 unlike Moses, who covered his face so that the sons of Israel could not gaze at the conclusion of what was to be abolished; 14 but their minds were veiled, and to this day that darkness remains when the old covenant is read—it is not revealed that in Christ it is abolished. 15 Even today, when Moses is read, the veil lies on their heart, 16 but whenever it turns back to the Lord, the veil will be taken away.

17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where there’s the Spirit of the Lord, there’s liberty, 18 and we all, our unveiled faces reflecting the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image with increasing glory, which comes from the Lord’s Spirit. 2 Corinthians 4 1 Therefore, having this ministry, since we were shown mercy we’re not despondent; 2 instead we have rejected secret, shameful ways: not practicing deviousness nor corrupting the word of God, but, by disclosing the truth, commending ourselves to everyone’s conscience before God.

3 And even if our gospel is shrouded, it is shrouded to those who are perishing— 4 the god of this age having blinded the minds of those who don’t believe, so that the enlightening of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, would not shine for them. 5 For we don’t preach ourselves, but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves your servants through Jesus. 6 For God, who called light to shine out of darkness, shines in our hearts to illuminate the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels so that the excellence of the power may be of God and not of us. 8 In all things we are pressed but not restricted; confused but never at a loss; 9 driven away but not deserted; thrown down but not destroyed; 10 always carrying round in the body the death of the Lord Jesus, that his life may be revealed through our bodies. 11 For always, we who live are being given over to death through Jesus, so that his life may be revealed in our mortal flesh. 12 So then, death is truly working in us, and life in you.

13 Just as it is written, “I believed, so I spoke,” we also believe, having the same spirit of faith, and so we also speak, 14 knowing that he who raised the Lord Jesus will also raise us in Jesus, and stand us with you, 15 which is all for your benefit, so that the grace increasing through the many will cause gratitude to overflow to the glory of God. 16 So we’re not spent, for even if our outer man is perishing, the inner one is being renewed every day, 17 for our light and momentary affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory which exceeds all comparison, 18 so we direct our attention not to what may be seen, but to what is not seen: visible things being transient, while invisible things are eternal.

2 Corinthians 5 1 We know that if the tent that is our earthly house is destroyed, we have a building from God not made with hands, eternal in the heavens; 2 for in this one we sigh, eagerly yearning to be clad in our residence from heaven: 3 since, when clothed, we will not be found naked. 4 For we also sigh, as those being weighed down in this tent, as we don’t want to be undressed but to be dressed, that the mortal may be swallowed up by the life. 5 Now the one who made us fit for this is God, who also gave us the down payment of the Spirit. 6 So, always being courageous and knowing that, while at home in the body we are away from our home with the Lord— 7 indeed, we walk by faith, not by sight— 8 yet we are courageous, and are very ready to leave the home of the body to be at home with the Lord.

9 Accordingly we make it our aim, whether at home in the body or away from it, to be pleasing to him. 10 For we all must be exposed before the judgment seat of Christ, that each should be recompensed for what was done in the body, whether good or evil. 11 Having perceived the fear of the Lord, we seek to convince men—what we are is revealed to God and, I trust, revealed to your consciences too. 12 We’re not commending ourselves to you again, but giving you reason to rejoice over us, so you’ll have a response for those who boast in looking good rather than in what’s in the heart, 13 whether we were fanatical for God, or whether we’re rational for you, 14 for Christ’s love compels us, because we have determined that, if one died for all, then all have died. 15 And he died for all that those who live should not continue to live for themselves but to him who, for their sakes, died and rose again.

16 So, from now on we relate to no one in terms of the flesh; and even though we have regarded Christ according to the flesh, we no longer do so. 17 Therefore, if anyone is a new creation in Christ, the original has gone—see, all has become new! 18 All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ, and gave us this ministry of reconciliation, 19 that God was, in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not accounting their sins to them; and set in us the message of reconciliation. 20 Therefore we are ambassadors for Christ, since God is making his appeal through us. We are beseeching, on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God, 21 who made him who knew no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we may become the righteousness of God. 2 Corinthians 6 1 And so, working together with him, we urge you not to receive the grace of God to no purpose, 2 for he says, “at the acceptable time I heard you, and in the day of salvation I helped you.” Look! now is the acceptable time; Look! now is the day of salvation!

3 We give no one cause to stumble in anything, that the ministry may not be discredited, 4 rather, we commend ourselves in all things as servants of God: in great endurance, in afflictions, in needs, in calamities, 5 in beatings, in prisons, in riots, in drudgery, in vigils, in fastings, 6 by purity, by knowledge, by tolerance, by goodness, by the Holy Spirit, by genuine love, 7 by the word of truth, by the power of God, by the weapons of righteousness to the right and left; 8 through glory and dishonour, through slander and renown, seen as deceivers but genuine; 9 as unknown though well known, as dying but see—we live, as disciplined yet not put to death; 10 as sorrowful yet always rejoicing, as poor yet supplying abundance to many, as having nothing yet possessing everything.

11 We have spoken freely to you Corinthians, we have embraced you in love; 12 there is plenty of room for you in our hearts, but it seems, little space for us in yours. 13 But, I say this as to children, the proper response to that is to open wide your hearts as well.

14 Don’t become unequally yoked with unbelievers, for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness? And what fellowship has light with darkness? 15 What accord has Christ with Belial? Or what do a saint and a pagan have in common? 16 And what agreement does God’s temple have with idols? For you are the living temple of God, just as God said, “I will reside in them, and walk among them; I will be their God and they will be my people.” 17 So come out from among them and be set apart, says the Lord, have no intimacy with the uncleansed and I will receive you, 18 and I will be Father to you, and you will be sons and daughters to me, says the Lord Almighty. 2 Corinthians 7 1 So, having these promises, beloved, we should cleanse ourselves from every act that corrupts the flesh or the spirit, achieving holiness in fear of God.

2 Open your hearts for us—we’ve wronged no one, corrupted no one, cheated no one. 3 I don’t say this in condemnation; I have already said that you are in our hearts, to die together and live together. 4 I have great confidence in you, and great rejoicing over you. I am filled with encouragement—in all our affliction my joy overflows. 5 For, on our arrival in Macedonia no one could relax, but we were hard pressed on every side: conflicts outside and fears inside. 6 But he who strengthens the humble, strengthened us with the arrival of Titus; 7 and not only in his arrival, but also in the encouragement by which he was strengthened over you, telling us of your longing, your mourning and your zeal for my sake, so I rejoiced even more.

8 Even if I caused you sorrow by my letter, I don’t regret it, though I did have second thoughts. I see that it caused you sorrow, if only for a while. 9 So now I rejoice, not because you were grieved, but because your sorrow led you to repentance, for you were grieved as God intended, that you might suffer no loss through us. 10 For godly sorrow produces repentance, leading to salvation without regret; but worldly sorrow leads to death.

11 And just consider what earnestness this godly sorrow has produced in you: such a desire to clear yourselves, but also indignation, alarm and longing; and also zeal, and readiness to see justice done. In everything you have demonstrated your innocence in this matter. 12 So, even though I wrote to you, it wasn’t for the sake of the offender, nor for he who was wronged, but to show you the deep concern we have for you in the sight of God. 13 Because of this we have been encouraged through your admonition and we rejoiced even more at Titus’ joy since his spirit was refreshed by you all. 14 For though I have exulted to him about you, I was not confounded, but just as we spoke the truth to you in everything, so also our glorying to Titus has proved true, 15 and his affection for you is all the greater, as he remembers your obedience as you received him with fear and trembling. 16 So I rejoice that I can have total confidence in you.

2 Corinthians 8 1 Now let us tell you, brethren, of the grace of God granted to the assemblies of Macedonia; 2 that during a great trial of suffering, and from the depths of their poverty, the abundance of their joy overflowed into a wealth of generosity. 3 For I testify that according to their power, and even beyond it, they freely 4 and earnestly implored us, that they might share in this grace of service to the saints, 5 and—which we hadn’t even hoped for—they gave themselves to the Lord first, and then to us by the will of God. 6 So we urged Titus that, as he had begun, so he should also perfect in you this grace also. 7 Therefore, even as you excel in everything, in faith, in speech, in knowledge, in all diligence, and in your love for us, excel too in this grace.

8   I’m saying this, not as a command, but to prove the sincerity of your love compared with the diligence of others, 9 for you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that he became poor for you though he was rich, that you might become rich through his poverty. 10 And this is my opinion in this matter: it was good for you a year ago—you were not only willing to give, but actually got on with it. 11 Now, therefore, finish the job, so that you may complete it just as eagerly as you began, according to what you have. 12 For if there is willingness it is acceptable according to what one has, not what he doesn’t have; 13 not so that others will be relieved while you are hurting, but that, 14 for equity right now, your excess may go to those in need, and that their excess may also cover your want, so that there may be equity. 15 As it is written, “the one with much had no excess; the one with least, no lack.”

16 But thanks to God who put into Titus’ heart the same earnest concern for you, 17 as indeed he accepted the appeal, but, being very zealous, he went to you of his own accord. 18 And we sent with him the brother who is praised throughout all the assemblies for his labours in the gospel; 19 and not only that, but he was also selected by the assemblies to travel together with us as we deliver this gracious offering and your zeal, to the glory of the Lord, 20 to avoid having anyone criticise us with respect to our handling of this collection.

21 Taking great care to be honourable, not just before the Lord, but also before men, 22 we also sent our brother with them, whom we have often proved to be diligent in many things, but now more diligent than ever due to his great confidence in you. 23 Whether for Titus, my partner and co-labourer to you, or for our brethren, the apostles of the assemblies and the glory of Christ, 24 now reveal your love—[the cause of] our rejoicing over you—that you showed to them and the assemblies before.

2 Corinthians 9 1 But it’s really redundant for me to write to you about this service to the saints, 2 as I know your zeal, which I rejoiced to tell the Macedonians about—that Achaia has been ready to give for a year now; and your zeal has motivated most of them. 3 So I sent the brethren, in order that our rejoicing over you would not prove empty in this, that you would be ready just as I told them, 4 and if some Macedonians come with me, to avoid them finding you unprepared and that we were not describing you, as we would be confounded in our confident rejoicing, 5 I thought it necessary to urge the brethren to go to you in advance, to prepare your promised gift, so it may be ready as a blessing, and not reluctantly given.

6 And consider: he who sows sparingly, will reap sparingly, and he who sows generously, will reap generously. 7 Each should give as he has settled in his heart, not grudgingly or compelled, for God loves a joyful giver. 8 And God is mighty to lavish you with all grace, so that you, always having all sufficiency in everything, may excel in every good work, 9 as it is written, “he has dispersed freely; he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures forever.”

10 He who supplies seed for the sower and food for the consumer, will supply you with seed and multiply it, and augment the fruits of your righteousness, 11 enriching you in everything for constant generosity which, with us, causes thanksgiving to God.

12 And this service not only supplies the needs of the saints, but also overflows in much thanksgiving to God 13 through the proofs the ministry provides: their glorifying of God for the obedience of your confession to the gospel of Christ; the generosity of your contribution to them and to all; 14 and their prayers for you, longing for you because of the superior grace of God in you. 15 Thanks be to God for his inexpressible gift.

2 Corinthians 10 1 Now I, Paul, appeal to you myself, in the meekness and gentleness of Christ, whose presence in you is truly humility, so I have confidence in you in my absence, 2 yet I am entreating you, since I’m not present, to have courage, with the confidence I’m counting on to be bold towards any who suppose that we walk by the flesh. 3 For, though we walk in the flesh, we don’t war by the flesh: 4 the weapons of our warfare are not fleshly but the power of God for destroying strongholds, 5 casting down reasonings, and everything raised up against the knowledge of God; capturing every thought to the obedience of Christ; 6 and holding ourselves ready to vindicate every failure to hear, once your hearing is fully trained.

7 Beware of outward appearances: if anyone has persuaded himself that he is Christ’s man, let him think again regarding himself: just as he is Christ’s, so too are we. 8 For though I’m somewhat overjoyed by our authority, which the Lord has given us for building you up and not for pulling you down, I won’t be ashamed 9 as I would never intend to alarm you by my letters, 10 even though, truly, some say the letters are stern and powerful, but that my presence in the body is weak and my speech worthless.

11 Let such a person ascertain that what we are in word by letter when absent, we are also in our actions when present. 12 And we daren’t measure or compare ourselves with some who commend themselves, but in measuring themselves, and comparing themselves with each other, they are without understanding.

13 Yet we will not celebrate beyond our limits, but only to the extent of the sphere which God has allocated to us, a sphere which reaches as far as you. 14 So it’s not as though coming to you were stretching ourselves beyond our borders, as we did come even as far as you with the gospel of Christ. 15 We won’t celebrate, beyond our own limits, the labours of others, but we do have a confident expectation of growth in your faith in our own domain, to be celebrated abundantly among you. 16 We are also ready to celebrate taking the gospel beyond you, not in another’s patch; 17 but the one who rejoices, let him rejoice in the Lord, 18 as it’s not the one who approves himself who is accepted, but he whom the Lord approves.

2 Corinthians 11 1 I hope you will endure a little foolishness, and bear with me, 2 for I am burning with zeal for you, with the fervour of God. I betrothed you to one husband, to present a pure virgin to Christ, 3 but I fear, in case somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, your minds might be corrupted from the openness of heart in Christ. 4 For indeed, if someone comes proclaiming another Jesus whom we don’t preach, or you receive a different type of spirit from that which you received, or a different gospel from what you accepted, you bear with him graciously. 5 For I’m sure I don’t fall short of even the most eminent apostles, 6 but, though I am simple in speech, yet not in knowledge, which has been clearly revealed to you in all things.

7 Have I offended in humbling myself to exalt you, by declaring the gospel of God to you free of charge? 8 I robbed other assemblies, taking an allowance to serve you, 9 and, when I was with you and in need, I was no burden to anyone as the Macedonian brethren supplied all my needs, so in everything I have avoided burdening you and will continue so to do.

10 The truth of Christ lives in me, so my celebrating will not be silenced in the regions of Achaia. 11 For what reason if I don’t love you? God knows 12 what I am doing and will continue to do, so that I might cut the ground from under those who want an opportunity to be regarded as our equals in what they boast about. 13 For these men are bogus apostles, deceitful workers disguising themselves as apostles of Christ, 14 and no surprise, for Satan himself transforms into an angel of light 15 so it’s no wonder if his servants also pretend to be servants of righteousness. Their end will be in line with their works.

16 I say again, no one should think me a fool; but if you do, then receive me as a fool, that I too may boast a little. 17 What I’m saying I don’t say in the Lord, but as a fool, with all the assurance of the boast; 18 since many are boasting in the flesh, I too shall boast 19 for you, being so wise, gladly bear with the foolish. 20 You tolerate it if anyone enslaves you or consumes you; if anyone takes from you, exalts himself or strikes you in the face.

21 I’m talking about disgrace as though we had been weak, but where anyone is bold (speaking as a fool) I too am bold. 22 Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they seed of Abraham? So am I. 23 Are they servants of Christ? (still speaking as a fool) I am more: I’ve worked far harder; been beaten countless times; imprisoned more often; frequently faced death; 24 five times I received the ‘one-short-of-forty’ lashes from the Jews; 25 three times I was beaten with rods; once I was stoned; three times I was shipwrecked; I spent a night and a day in the sea; 26 on many journeys; in danger on rivers; in danger of bandits; in danger from my own people; in danger from the Gentiles; in peril in the city; in peril in the wilderness; in peril at sea; in peril among false brethren; 27 in strenuous and painful labours; in frequent watches; in hunger and thirst; in fastings often; in cold and nakedness.

28 Apart from these, what troubles me daily is the care of all the assemblies. 29 Who is weak and I am not weak? Who is led astray and I don’t burn? 30 If I must boast, I will boast of that which concerns my weakness. 31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ who is blessed for ever, knows I don’t lie: 32 in Damascus the governor under King Aretas had the city of the Damascenes guarded, intending to arrest me, 33 but I was lowered in a wicker basket through a window in the wall, and so I escaped his hands.

2 Corinthians 12 1 It’s really not helpful for me to boast, yet I am coming to visions and revelations of the Lord. 2 I knew a man in Christ who was caught up to the third heaven more than fourteen years ago—whether in the body or out of it, I don’t know, God does— 3 and I know that this man—whether in the body or out of it, I don’t know, God does— 4 was caught up into paradise, and heard words inexpressible, which it is not permitted for a man to speak.

5 I will glory of a man like that, but of myself I will not glory, except in my weaknesses, 6 for if I chose to glory, I would not be foolish for I would tell the truth, but I will refrain in case anyone should think more of me than what he observes in me or hears from me. 7 And, so I won’t be too exalted by the excellence of the revelations, a spike to the flesh has been given to me, a messenger of Satan, striking me that I might not be exalted, 8 on account of which, three times I petitioned the Lord to withdraw it from me, 9 but he said to me, “my grace is sufficient for you, for my power is perfected in weakness.” So I will, all the more happily, celebrate my weaknesses that the power of Christ may rest on me. 10 Therefore I delight in infirmities, in insults, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for the sake of Christ; for when I am weak, then I am powerful.

11 I have become a boasting fool. You made it imperative for me, though you should be standing with me, for in nothing do I fall short of the most eminent apostles, even though I am nothing. 12 Indeed, the tokens of an apostle were performed among you with all perseverance, in signs and wonders and works of power.

13 In what way were you made inferior to the other assemblies, except that I wasn’t a burden to you? Forgive me this wrong! 14 Now, for the third time I am ready to visit you, and I won’t be a burden, as I’m not seeking your support but you, for the children ought not to save up for the parents, but the parents for the children, 15 but I will delight to spend, both my resources and myself, for your hearts, even if loving you more means I am loved less: 16 so be it. Yet I didn’t burden you, but being skilful I caught you with the bait.

17 Did I take advantage of you through anyone I’ve sent to you? 18 I urged Titus to go, and sent our brother with him. Did Titus take advantage of you in anything? Don’t we walk in the same spirit; taking the same steps? 19 Again, you think we’re defending ourselves to you, but everything we say in Christ, in the sight of God, is for your sake, beloved, to edify you. 20 For I fear that when I come I may find you as I would not want, and that I may be found by you as you would not want; that there might be quarrels, rivalry, indignations, self-promotion, evil-speaking, secret slandering, pride, disorder, 21 and in case, when I come again, my God will humble me regarding you, and I will grieve over many who sinned before and have not repented of the impurity, immorality and licentiousness they committed.

2 Corinthians 13 1 This is my third visit to you: “in the mouth of two or three witnesses every matter will be established.” 2 I already warned you during my second visit, and now, being absent, I write to warn again those who sinned before and all the rest, that if I come again I will not spare them, 3 since you seek proof that Christ is speaking through me, not in weakness but powerfully among you, 4 for though he was crucified in weakness, now he is alive by the power of God. For we too are weak in him, but we will be alive in him with the power of God for you.

5 Examine yourselves and see that you are in the faith—test yourselves. Don’t you perceive in yourselves that Jesus Christ is in you—unless you are reprobate? 6 And I trust you will see that we are not reprobates. 7 Yet I am praying to God that you do nothing wicked; not so that we seem approved, but that you may do good, even though we may seem reprobates. 8 For we can do nothing to oppose the truth, but for the sake of the truth, 9 and we rejoice when we are weak so you may be strong, and we pray too for your perfecting. 10 Therefore I’m writing these things while absent, so that when present I won’t need to be severe, since the authority which the Lord has given me is for edification, not demolition.

11 Finally brethren, be joyful, be perfected, be encouraged, be at one, be at peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you.

12 Greet one another with a holy kiss.

13 All the saints send you greetings.

14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.